Question 1

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SOC 100 MIDTERM EXAM PART 2

Question

Question 1

What is the sociological definition of significant others?

 

Specific people important in a child’s life who have the greatest impact on their self-evaluation

 

Relationships characterized by intense emotional ties, face-to-face interaction, intimacy, and a strong, enduring sense of commitment

 

Those whose opinions provide the basis for how we judge our own attitudes or behaviors

 

People of similar age and social standing that influence our norms and values

Question 2

Adopting the behavior or standards of a group you emulate or hope to join is referred to as:

 

Conformity

 

Clique socialization

 

Anticipatory socialization

 

Pro-active conformity

Question 3

Which of the following behaviors is most likely the result of family socialization?

 

Texting and holding a face-to-face conversation at the same time

 

Standing during the playing of the national anthem

 

Arriving to an important appointment 15 minutes early

 

Performing specific household chores

Question 4

Psychoanalysis, the psychological perspective that emphasizes the complex reasoning processes of the conscious and unconscious mind, is associated with which major theorist?

 

George Herbert Mead

 

Sigmund Freud

 

Charles H. Cooley

 

Jean Piaget

Question 5

How would sociologists define social learning?

 

The process by which people learn the culture of their society

 

The way people adapt their behavior in response to social rewards and punishments

 

The way people are socialized to act in a given situation

 

The process by which people learn norms, what is acceptable and unacceptable behavior

Question 6

The unspoken classroom socialization to the norms, values, and roles of a culture that school provides is referred to as:

 

Textbook socialization

 

Socialization curriculum

 

Curriculum of inequality

 

Hidden curriculum

Question 7

_____ refers to when members of a group ignore anything that goes against the group consensus.

 

Discompromise effect

 

Group cohesion

 

Groupthink

 

Consent partiality

Question 8

Power exercised over those who recognize it as deserved or earned is referred to as:

 

Authentic authority

 

Electoral power

 

Personal power

 

Legitimate authority

Question 9

Which of the following is an example of a secondary group?

 

Two close friends who practice tennis together

 

A father who plays catch with his son

 

A college basketball team

 

A family who watches football together every Sunday

Question 10

The simplest group, consisting of two persons, is referred to as:

 

Pair

 

Dyad

 

Duo

 

Primary relationship

Question 11

The ability of groups to exclude outsiders participating in the group or enjoying group resources is referred to as:

 

Social exclusion

 

Social closure

 

Factioning

 

Clique capacity

Question 12

Large, impersonal groups with minimal emotional and intimate ties are referred to as:

 

Secondary groups

 

Principal groups

 

Reference groups

 

Remandiary groups

Question 13

The act of having multiple wives is referred to as:

 

Monogamy

 

Mormonism

 

Polygamy

 

Polyandry

Question 14

The argument that deviant behavior is little more than a product of the labels people attach to certain types of behavior is referred to as:

 

Catalogue theory

 

Association theory

 

Labeling theory

 

Criminal label theory

Question 15

An act defined in the law as punishable by fines, imprisonment or both is referred to as:

 

Deviance

 

Law-breaking

 

Crime

 

Criminality

Question 16

In the United States, which of the following would not

be considered to be a normative cultural goal that people strive for?

 

Earning economic success

 

Raising and supporting a family

 

Gaining recognition or fame

 

Maintaining a steady routine, day-to-day

Question 17

A crime considered so heinous that it is punishable by death is referred to as:

 

Capital offense

 

Death penalty crime

 

Eye-for-an-eye offense

 

Felony crime.

Question 18

The idea that what is labeled deviant or criminal—and therefore who gets punished—is determined by the interests of the dominant class is referred to as:

 

Class-dominant theory

 

Class conflict theory

 

Capitalist culture theory

 

Marxist theory

Question 19

According to Karl Marx, the _____ own the means of production, which they use to exploit the labor of the _____.

 

proletariat, bourgeoisie

 

industrialists, masses

 

capitalist class, worker class

 

bourgeoisie, proletariat

Question 20

The value of everything a person owns minus the value of everything he or she owes is referred to as:

 

Wealth

 

Income

 

Net capital

 

Value of assets

Question 21

A person’s economic position in society, based on differences in income, wealth, and occupation, is referred to as:

 

Caste

 

Socioeconomic category

 

Class

 

Social classification

Question 22

The upward or downward status movement of individuals or groups over time is referred to as:

 

Social progression

 

Cultural promotion

 

Social mobility

 

Socioeconomic stasis

Question 23

Which of the following is the best sociological definition of income?

 

An individual’s yearly salary

 

Wages, tips, and other compensation

 

The amount of money a person or household earns in a given period of time

 

The value of everything a person owns, minus the value of everything he or she owes

Question 24

Areas that lack places that sell competitively priced, healthy, and fresh food are referred to as:

 

Food wastelands

 

Grocery deserts

 

Food d

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