Question 1




Question 1

What is the sociological definition of significant others?


Specific people important in a child’s life who have the greatest impact on their self-evaluation


Relationships characterized by intense emotional ties, face-to-face interaction, intimacy, and a strong, enduring sense of commitment


Those whose opinions provide the basis for how we judge our own attitudes or behaviors


People of similar age and social standing that influence our norms and values

Question 2

Adopting the behavior or standards of a group you emulate or hope to join is referred to as:




Clique socialization


Anticipatory socialization


Pro-active conformity

Question 3

Which of the following behaviors is most likely the result of family socialization?


Texting and holding a face-to-face conversation at the same time


Standing during the playing of the national anthem


Arriving to an important appointment 15 minutes early


Performing specific household chores

Question 4

Psychoanalysis, the psychological perspective that emphasizes the complex reasoning processes of the conscious and unconscious mind, is associated with which major theorist?


George Herbert Mead


Sigmund Freud


Charles H. Cooley


Jean Piaget

Question 5

How would sociologists define social learning?


The process by which people learn the culture of their society


The way people adapt their behavior in response to social rewards and punishments


The way people are socialized to act in a given situation


The process by which people learn norms, what is acceptable and unacceptable behavior

Question 6

The unspoken classroom socialization to the norms, values, and roles of a culture that school provides is referred to as:


Textbook socialization


Socialization curriculum


Curriculum of inequality


Hidden curriculum

Question 7

_____ refers to when members of a group ignore anything that goes against the group consensus.


Discompromise effect


Group cohesion




Consent partiality

Question 8

Power exercised over those who recognize it as deserved or earned is referred to as:


Authentic authority


Electoral power


Personal power


Legitimate authority

Question 9

Which of the following is an example of a secondary group?


Two close friends who practice tennis together


A father who plays catch with his son


A college basketball team


A family who watches football together every Sunday

Question 10

The simplest group, consisting of two persons, is referred to as:








Primary relationship

Question 11

The ability of groups to exclude outsiders participating in the group or enjoying group resources is referred to as:


Social exclusion


Social closure




Clique capacity

Question 12

Large, impersonal groups with minimal emotional and intimate ties are referred to as:


Secondary groups


Principal groups


Reference groups


Remandiary groups

Question 13

The act of having multiple wives is referred to as:









Question 14

The argument that deviant behavior is little more than a product of the labels people attach to certain types of behavior is referred to as:


Catalogue theory


Association theory


Labeling theory


Criminal label theory

Question 15

An act defined in the law as punishable by fines, imprisonment or both is referred to as:









Question 16

In the United States, which of the following would not

be considered to be a normative cultural goal that people strive for?


Earning economic success


Raising and supporting a family


Gaining recognition or fame


Maintaining a steady routine, day-to-day

Question 17

A crime considered so heinous that it is punishable by death is referred to as:


Capital offense


Death penalty crime


Eye-for-an-eye offense


Felony crime.

Question 18

The idea that what is labeled deviant or criminal—and therefore who gets punished—is determined by the interests of the dominant class is referred to as:


Class-dominant theory


Class conflict theory


Capitalist culture theory


Marxist theory

Question 19

According to Karl Marx, the _____ own the means of production, which they use to exploit the labor of the _____.


proletariat, bourgeoisie


industrialists, masses


capitalist class, worker class


bourgeoisie, proletariat

Question 20

The value of everything a person owns minus the value of everything he or she owes is referred to as:






Net capital


Value of assets

Question 21

A person’s economic position in society, based on differences in income, wealth, and occupation, is referred to as:




Socioeconomic category




Social classification

Question 22

The upward or downward status movement of individuals or groups over time is referred to as:


Social progression


Cultural promotion


Social mobility


Socioeconomic stasis

Question 23

Which of the following is the best sociological definition of income?


An individual’s yearly salary


Wages, tips, and other compensation


The amount of money a person or household earns in a given period of time


The value of everything a person owns, minus the value of everything he or she owes

Question 24

Areas that lack places that sell competitively priced, healthy, and fresh food are referred to as:


Food wastelands


Grocery deserts


Food d

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